Introduction to Lijiang Ancient City:
Lijiang Old Town is located in Lijiang City, Yunnan Province in southwestern China. Lijiang Ancient Town, also known as Dayan Town, is located in the middle of Lijiang Dam. It is also known as the second batch of national historical and cultural cities, namely, Suizhong, Sichuan, Pingyao, Shanxi, and Anhui Province. The four best preserved ancient cities are the ancient city without walls, the smooth and clean bluestone road, the completely hand-built civil-structured houses, and the ubiquitous bridges. The ancient city of Dayan is a small city with strong humanistic atmosphere. Under the bright sunshine, there will always be a slow-moving elderly Naxi old man who leisurely paces. They are dressed in historical indigo blue clothes and wear the Red Army period. The octagonal cap, turned a blind eye to the eyes behind the eyes, and dismissed.
The streets in the ancient city of Lijiang are built by mountains and rivers. Most of them are red breccia. The rainy season will not be muddy, and the dry season will not fly. The patterns on the stone are naturally elegant and complement the entire ancient city environment. Located in the center of the ancient city, Sifang Street is the center of Lijiang Old Town. The big waterwheel at the junction of the ancient city and the new city is the symbol of the ancient city of Lijiang. There is a big screen next to the ancient city big waterwheel. The songs played every day are the most popular in the ancient city. There are special songs, among which Naxi Pure Land is one of the more famous songs.
1. Ancient Street
The street is built according to the mountain, and it is set up along the water. It is paved with red breccia (Wuhuashi). The rainy season is not muddy, the dry season does not fly ash, the stone pattern is natural and elegant, and the texture is delicate, which complements the whole urban environment. Sifang Street is the representative of Lijiang Ancient Street. It is located in the core of the ancient city. It is not only the center of the ancient city of Dayan, but also the center of trade and business in the northwestern part of Yunnan. Sifang Street is a trapezoidal small square of about 4,000 square meters. There are five flowers and pavilions, and the shops on both sides of the street are row upon row. The commanding height of the west side is Kogongfang, a unique three-story gatehouse. There is Xihe in the west and Zhonghe in the east. There is a movable gate on the West River, which can be used to flush the street surface with the height difference between Xihe and Zhonghe. From the four corners of Sifang Street, there are four main streets: Guangyi Street, Qiyi Street, Wuyi Street, Xinhua Street, and many streets and alleys from the four main streets, such as the cobwebs intertwined, extending in all directions, thus forming Sifang Street. The center and the dense and open pattern of the extension of the street.
2, the ancient bridge
On the Yuhe River system in the ancient city of Lijiang, there are 354 bridges with a density of 93 seats per square kilometer. Forms include covered bridges (window bridges), stone arch bridges, stone bridges, wooden bridges, etc. The more famous ones are Lock Cui Bridge, Dashi Bridge, Wanqian Bridge, Nanmen Bridge, Ma’an Bridge and Renshou Bridge, both of which were built during the Ming and Qing Dynasties.
Dashiqiao is the first of the ancient bridges in the ancient city. It is located 100 meters east of Sifang Street. It was built by the Mushi Toast of the Ming Dynasty. The reflection of the Jade Dragon Snow Mountain can be seen from the river under the bridge, also known as Yingxue Bridge. The bridge is a double-hole stone arch bridge. The arch ring is supported by slate rocks. The bridge is more than 10 meters long and the bridge is nearly 4 meters wide. The bridge deck is paved with traditional five-flower stone and the slope is gentle, which is convenient for cross-strait exchange.
Mufu was originally a Lijiang hereditary toast, and it was “slightly prepared in Yuan, Sheng Yuming.” After the war and turmoil, it was rebuilt in the spring of 1998 and the Ancient City Museum was established in the government.
The restored and restored Mufu covers an area of 46 mu, sitting west to the east, and along the central axis, there are Zhongyifang, Yimen, the former council, Wanjulou, Hufa Hall, Guangbilou, Yuyinlou, Sanqing Hall, and the temple. There are 15 buildings, attic, stage, crossing street, home, corridor, palace, etc., 162 large and small. There are eleven plaques donated by emperors for several generations, and the books are “loyalty”, “sincerely serve the country”, “Zhenning border” and so on. Someone commented: “Mufu is a solidified Lijiang ancient music, a contemporary creation epic.”
4. Wuguo Building, Fuguo Temple
Wufenglou (formerly known as Fayunjian), located at the northern end of Heilongtan Park, was built in the twenty-ninth year of Ming Wanli (AD 1601) and was declared a key cultural relics protection unit in Yunnan Province in 1983. The height of the building is 20 meters. It is a three-fold structure with layers. The base is in the shape of a sub-shape. The building is three-fold, the house bears an octagonal, and there are 24 flying rafts on the third floor. It is like the five colored phoenixes spreading their wings to the instrument, hence the name Wufenglou. A total of 32 pillars were laid on the whole building, four of which were 12 meters high. The upper part of the column was built with a bucket frame, and the top of the building was covered with gold. The ceiling is painted with patterns such as Taiji, Feitianwang, Longfeng Chengxiang, smooth lines, beautiful colors, and architectural styles of Han, Tibetan and Naxi nationalities. It is a rare example of ancient Chinese architecture.
5. Baisha residential buildings
The Baisha residential complex is located 8 kilometers north of Dayan Ancient City and was once the center of Lijiang’s political economy and culture during the Song and Yuan Dynasties. The Baisha residential buildings are distributed on a north-south main axis with a trapezoidal square in the center and four lanes leading from the square to the square. The residential pavilion was set up along the street, and a clear spring was introduced into the square from the north, and then integrated into the residential community, which is very distinctive. The formation and development of Baisha residential buildings laid the foundation for the layout of the later Lijiang Dayan Ancient City.
6. Shuhe residential buildings
The Shuhe residential building is 4 km northwest of Lijiang Old Town and is a small market around the ancient city of Lijiang. The Shuhe River is surrounded by mountains and waters, and the houses of the houses are scattered. There is a pool of spring water on the street, called “Jiuding Longtan”, also known as “Longquan”. The Qinglong River passes through the center of Shuhe Village and is built across the Qinglong Bridge in the Ming Dynasty. Qinglong Bridge is 4 meters high, 4.5 meters wide and 23 meters long. It is the largest stone arch bridge in Lijiang. On the side of the bridge, there is a square square with a length of 32 meters and a width of 27 meters. The shape is similar to the square street of Lijiang Old Town. It can also wash the street by water.
First, climb the Range Rover, you can see the situation of the ancient city. The ancient city skillfully uses the terrain, with the Lion Mountain in the west, Xiangshan and Jinhong Mountain in the north, and the southwest back to the southeast. It avoids the coldness of the snow-capped mountains, attracts the warm air of the southeast, and gathers the wind to gather the gas.
Second, the river is on the water, you can see the ancient city water. The ancient city makes full use of the spring water, so that the Yuhe water is divided into three and three in the city, and then divided into countless channels. Make the main street squatting in the river and the alleys, making the ancient city clean and full of vitality.
Third, take the street to enter the hospital, you can appreciate the ancient city architecture. The ancient city buildings are all quaint courtyard houses. The structure of the houses is simple and rough, while the courtyard layout and the detailed decoration of the houses are rich and delicate. The residents enjoy the four-time flowers and trees, forming a beautiful harmony between man and nature.
Fourth, enter the city to cross the bridge, you can see the layout of the ancient city. The layout of the ancient city is free and flexible, and it is not limited. The houses, markets, roads and water systems are well organized and properly arranged. Together with stone, stone bridges, wooden bridges, flowers and birds, fish, chess and paintings, folk customs, Interesting, the ancient city is unique.