Introduction to the Potala Palace:
The Potala Palace is a famous palace-style building complex on the Mabu Ri Mountain in the northwest of Lhasa, Tibet. It is the essence of Tibetan ancient architectural art.
The Potala Palace was built in the 7th century AD and was built by the Tibetan King Songtsan Gambo as the Princess of the Tang Dynasty. The palace of the 999 houses, the Potala Palace, was built on the red hills of Lhasa at an altitude of over 3,700 meters. Gongbao is built on the mountain, now covers an area of 410,000 square meters, with a construction area of 130,000 square meters. The main building of the palace is 13 stories high and 115 meters high. All of them are stone-wood structures. The five palace roofs are covered with gold and copper tiles. It is magnificent and is the essence of Tibetan ancient architectural art. Known as the plateau temple.
The main building of the Potala Palace is the White House and the Red Palace.
The White House is the Dalai Lama’s Winter Palace. It was also the seat of the former Tibetan local government office. It is seven stories high. Located in the middle of the fourth floor, there is the Great Hall of the East (Caoqing Xiashi Xipingcuo). It is the largest palace of the White House in the Potala Palace. It covers an area of 7,17 square meters. It is a major religion and politics such as the Dalai Lama’s bed and pro-political ceremony. Activity venue. The fifth, sixth and second floors are the regent office and living room. On the seventh floor of the highest level, two sets of Dalila Lama’s winter living palaces are called the East and West Sunlight Halls because of the sun shining all day long.
The Red Palace is mainly the Dalai Lama’s Lingta Temple and various Buddhist temples. There are 8 spiritual towers that store the Dalai Lama’s body. The fifth Dalai Lama’s spiritual tower is the largest. There is a complete hall in the west (Chengduna Sixipingcuo) is the hall of the 5th Dalai Lama’s Lingta Temple. It is also the largest palace of the Potala Palace. It covers an area of 725 square meters and is painted with murals on the inner wall. Among them, the 5th Dalai Lama went to Beijing to see the murals of the Qing Emperor Shunzhi is the most famous. Above the throne of the Dalai Lama in the temple, the Emperor Qianlong’s royal book “The First Place of Yonglian” was hoisted. Part of the building, such as Fawangdong (Quji Zhupu), was the earliest building of the Potala Palace, which was preserved in the Tubo period. It contains statues of the most precious Songtsan Gambo, Princess Wencheng, Princess of the Ruler and Lu Dongzan. The Sanjie Hall is the highest hall of the Red Palace. It is now available for the Emperor Qianlong Emperor’s portrait and the 13th Dalai Lama’s eleven-faced Guanyin image. The 13th Dalai Lama Lingta Hall is the latest building of the Potala Palace. It was built in 1933 and lasted for 3 years. In addition, there are also the temples of the Shangshi Hall, the Bodhi Road, the Temple of the Ring, the Temple of the Relic, and the Temple of the Hereditary.
The Potala Palace also has a number of outbuildings, including the Langkazakura on the hill, the eunuch school, the squatter, the east and west courtyards, and the snowy old town at the foot of the mountain, as well as the local government’s MacKe Kang, Xue Ba Li Kong, and the Buddhist scriptures. Prisons, stables and the Potala Palace Houyuan Longwangtan.
For more than 1300 years, the Potala Palace has collected and preserved a large number of historical relics. Among them, there are more than 2,500 square meters of murals, nearly a thousand stupas, tens of thousands of statues, tens of thousands of Thangka (reel paintings); and precious verses such as Bayeux and Ganjur; The Ming and Qing emperors of the relationship between the local government and the central government gave the Dalai Lama the golden book, the gold seal, the jade seal, and a large number of gold and silver goods, porcelain, enamel, jade, brocade and handicrafts. These cultural relics are colorful and rich in subject matter.
After 1959, the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China attached great importance to the maintenance and protection of the Potala Palace. In addition to the annual special maintenance funds, the State Council decided to allocate huge sums of money to carry out large-scale maintenance of the Potala Palace in the following year. In October, the construction was grandly carried out. Under the unity and cooperation of Tibetan and Han engineers and engineers, the project was completed five years ago and the victory was completed. The Potala Palace, a national cultural treasure, attracted thousands of domestic and foreign tourists with new charm.
The Potala Palace was built in the 7th century AD when the Tibetan king Songtsan Gambo was 1300 years old.
At the beginning of the Tang Dynasty, Songtsan Gambo married the Princess of Red Emperor of Nepal. In order to boast of the later generations, a thousand-story palace was built on the Red Mountain at that time, and the Potala Palace was named Princess. According to historical records, the outer city of Hongshan is triple, and there is a bridge of silver and copper between Songzan Gambo and Princess Wencheng Palace. There is a racecourse of Songtsen Gampo outside the east gate of the Potala Palace. When the Tudor dynasty established by Songtsan Gampo was destroyed, most of the Potala Palace was destroyed by war.
At the end of the Ming Dynasty, under the support of the Gudi Han of Mongolia, the Fifth Dalai Lama established the Gedanpozhang Dynasty. In 1645, the Potala Palace was rebuilt. The fifth Dalai Lama moved to the Sunlight Hall on the top of the White House by Gedanzhang Palace. In 1690, under the auspices of Bashanangjiajia, the Red Temple V. Dalai Lingta Temple was modified. Completed in 1693. In the future, after the expansion of the Dalai Lama, it will reach the scale of today.
The Potala Palace has 13 floors and a height of 110 meters. It rises from the foot of the mountain to the top of the mountain. It consists of the White House in the east (the place where the Dalai Lama lives), the Red Palace in the middle (the Buddhist temple and the Dalai Lama’s spiritual tower). In front of the Red Palace, there is a white towering wall for the Buddha’s table, which is used to hang a large Buddha tapestry in Buddhist festivals.
Sturdy structure, gorgeous shape
The outer wall of the Potala Palace is a stone-wood structure with a thickness of 2 to 5 meters. The foundation is directly buried in the rock formation. The walls are all made of granite, up to tens of meters. At intervals, the iron is poured in the middle to strengthen the wall, which improves the earthquake resistance of the wall.
The roof and window sill are made of wooden structure, the fly shovel is picked up, the corner of the house is lifted, the copper tile is gilded, and the gold plaque is used, the bottle, the squid and the golden winged eagle, and the ridge decoration. The shiny roof features a mountain-style and a pointed style with Han Dynasty architecture. The walls under the eaves are decorated with gilt bronze ornaments. The image is a Buddhist instrumental eight treasures with a strong Tibetan Buddhist color. The column and the imitation are covered with brightly colored paintings and gorgeous carvings. The interior is not interlaced, the halls are mixed, the space is unpredictable, and it is in it, stepping into the mysterious world.
The Potala Palace is the crystallization of the fusion of Chinese and Tibetan art, and is a treasure house of religious art.
Inside the Potala Palace, there are a large number of murals, which constitute a huge painting art gallery. Nearly 200 people have participated in the mural painting, and have used it for more than ten years. The theme of murals is the history of the development of Tibetan Buddhism, the life of the Lama Lama, the process of Princess Wencheng’s entry into Tibet, the image of ancient Tibetan architecture and a large number of Buddha statues. King Kong is a precious historical painting. A large number of precious cultural relics and Buddhist works are preserved in the palaces of the Potala Palace. The spiritual tower of the Fifth Dalai Lama is located in the Temple of the Spirit. With a height of 14.85 meters, the tower is the tallest spiritual tower in the palace. The tower is wrapped in gold and embedded with various jewels and jade. The construction cost 110,000 gold. Although several other spiritual towers are not as tall as the Dalai Lama’s spiritual tower, the exterior decoration also uses a lot of gold and jewelry, which is worth the price.
There is a large bronze mandala in the hall of Lakangkang. The mandala is a three-dimensional model of the structure of the world in Buddhist teachings. It is also a forum for Buddhists to live and speak. The shape is chic and the decoration is gorgeous.
The Sasang Langjie Temple is dedicated to the Emperor Kangxi’s long-lived tablets and the Qianlong Emperor’s drawing axis, which are written in Tibetan, Chinese, Manchu and Mongolian. It represents the affiliation between the Dalai Lama and the Central Government. In some temples, the plaque of the Qing emperor was also hung. There are also a lot of luxury furnishings and costumes in the palace where the Dalai Lama lives.
The entire Potala Palace is a museum of architectural art and Buddhist art. It is also a testament to the unity of the Chinese nation and national unity.
[Introduction to the architectural hall]
Exterior view of the building: The Potala Palace is built on the hills and the buildings are overlapping. The main building is 117 meters high, with 13 floors and 370 meters from east to west. The subordinate buildings under the mountain include Xuecheng Old Town and Longwangtan. It is the highest and largest palace-style complex in Shanghai today.
East Courtyard (Deyangxia): It is a flat and wide platform in front of the main entrance of the White House. The area is more than 1,500 square meters. The west is the main building of the White House, the east is the eunuch school, and the north and south are houses.
White House Porch: This porch has a gate leading to the White House. The walls are painted with murals. The north wall is painted with Princess Wencheng into Tibet. The south wall is painted with the fifth Dalai Lama. ) the statement.
There is a hall full of silence in the east (Caoqing Xiashi Xipingcuo): the main hall of the White House, also the largest hall of the White House, with an area of 717 square meters and 34 pillars inside. On the north side is the throne of the Dalai Lama, and the top of the emperor’s royal book “Zhenxi Yujiang” is hanged. The walls of the temple are full of religious stories and murals of historical figures. The important celebrations such as the original Dalai Lama’s sitting on the bed were held here.
Xiguang Temple: This temple is the living palace of the early Dalai Lama, located on the top floor of the White House. It consists of the Fudi Miaoxuan Palace, the Fuzuo Juju Palace, the Happy Foot Palace, the Sleeping Palace and the Temple of Protection.
East Sunlight Hall: This temple is the living palace of the 13th Dalai Lama’s later years, located on the top floor of the White House. It consists of the Guangming Palace, the Yongfufu Palace, the Hufa Temple, the Longevity Palace and the Palace.
Maitreya Buddha Hall (Strong Kang): The Lord is a statue of Maitreya Buddha. The left and right are 3 longevity, the fairy Dunzhu Zhuoma, etc. There are other Buddha statues and pagodas in the temple, and the 8th Dalai Lama is on the west side.
Jinding District: Jinding District is located at the highest point of the Dara Palace. The Golden Dome refers to the Temple of the Spirit and the gold roof of the main temple for the Buddha. There are 7 gold domes on the top of the gold. Around the Jinding District, there are still decorations such as buildings and prayer flags.
Mandala Temple (Lu Langkang): The center of the temple is the Sangwangdaba Mandala, the east is the Dante Mandala, and the west is the Jijie Mandala. Sangwang Duba (Intensive), Dezhi (Shengle), Jijie (Daweide) are Tantric deities. The walls of the temple are painted with walls, most of which are famous temples and teaching history of Buddhist celebrities.
The special victory of the Three Realms Hall (Sasong Langjie): The temple is dedicated to a “Long live the emperor, long live” tablet written in four languages: Tibetan, Chinese, Manchu and Mongolian. Above the card is the portrait of Emperor Qianlong of Qing Dynasty. There are statues such as King Kong and Tsongkhapa. There are still eleven faces of the 13th Dalai Lama in the temple. This is an important Buddhist temple in the Red Palace, and some major events are held in this hall.
Changshou Leji Temple (its virtue Danji): This hall has the throne of the Sixth Dalai Lama, Cangyang Xicuo, and the statues of Buddhas along the wall are dedicated to thousands of Buddha statues. The temple also houses more than 2,000 statues of Buddha, such as the “Ege, the Bottom” and the Tsongkhapa statue.
The 13th Dalai Lama’s Lingta Temple: The 13th Dalai Lama’s Lingta is 12.97 meters high. The tens of thousands of jewels inlaid with high-quality gold-wrapped Lingta can be described as the world’s pearls and jade. There are various instruments and rituals in the temple. The thirteenth Dalai Lama Tudeng Gyatso sat in front of a statue of a pearl tower (mandala) made up of 200,000 pearls. The fourth floor of the third floor is a biography of the thirteenth Dalai Lama’s life.
Shangshi Dian (Lama Lakang): The temple is mainly dedicated to the statues of famous Tibetan masters. There are thousands of statues of the Tubo dynasty and the statue of the sage in the Buddhist monk.
The Seventh Dalai Lama’s Lingta Temple: The Seventh Dalai Lama’s Spirit Tower is dedicated to the center of the temple. There are still seven statues of the Dalai Lama Gesang Gyatso, as well as Buddhist scriptures and bookshelves.
Sheng Guanyin Temple (Pababarang): Above the temple door, the tribute of the Emperor’s royal book “Futian Miaoguo” is hoisted. The sandalwood wood of Guanzhong, which is dedicated to the center of the temple, is the statue of Songzan Gambo, which is a rare treasure of the Potala Palace. There are many precious Buddha statues and pagodas, such as the six-faced Jurassic King.
The Eighth Dalai Lama Lingta Hall: The temple is mainly dedicated to the Eighth Dalai Lama’s descending white Gyatso statue and its spiritual tower, and there are eight Swiss objects, eight auspites, and seven political treasures in front of the spiritual tower.
The 9th Dalai Lama’s Lingta Hall: There are mainly the ninth Dalai Lama Lingta, the 9th Dalai Lama’s Londo Gyatso and Tsongkhapa’s sittings.
The Temple of Time (the pile of Lacan): There is a wheel of the wheeled mandala in the center of the temple. There are more than 100 statues of statues and calendars around.
Sakyamuni Hall (Tuwang Lakang): The main statue of Buddhism, the ancestor of Buddhism, is lined with statues of eight disciples on both sides. The temple houses the 7th Dalai Lama and the hand-written Ganjul classic.
The Buddha Temple (Cai Barakang): The Buddha in the middle of the temple is dedicated to nine statues of Buddha and the statue of White Tara and Green Tara. The hall is full of painted murals.
Fawangdong (Quji Zhupu): It was the building of the seventeenth-century Ye Fan period. Songzan Gambo, who was called the King of the Tibetan Buddhism, practiced here. In the temple, there are statues of Songtsan Gambo, Princess Wencheng, Princess of the Supreme Court and Minister of the Tubo Kingdom, such as Muer Dongzan (Lu Dongzan) and Tunmi Sangbuza. The latter is said to be the founder of Tibetan. There are still early precious murals.
Puxian follow the temple (public Sangjizhukang): The Buddha in the middle of the temple is dedicated to the bronze gilt Sakyamuni Buddha, and the Guanyin and the 5th Dalai Lama are like the Buddha.
Xiangtong Temple (Limaracon): The Buddha statues dedicated to this temple are all cast in bronze (alloy), with more than 3,000 statues of Sakyamuni and infinite light, including statues made by Da Ming Xuande and Yongle in the Mainland. Up to hundreds of people.
The second section of the Red Palace: it is known as the outline of the painting. The wall is full of painted murals such as the history of the construction of the Dala Palace, the celebration of the completion of the Red Palace and Buddhist activities.
There is a complete hall in the west (Chongqing Nuxi Pingcuo): the largest palace in the Potala Palace, with an area of 725 square meters and 44 pillars inside. On the west end, there is the throne of the Dalai Lama, and the upper part of the Emperor Qianlong of the Emperor Qianlong of the Qing Dynasty is the first place of the Yonglian. The temple is full of murals, covering an area of 280 square meters. Among them, the 5th Dalai Lama went to Beijing to see the murals of the Qing Emperor Shunzhi is extremely precious art and historical materials. There are wooden carved hollow Buddha statues and various animals and patterns on the wooden beams.
Bodhi Road Hall (Langren Lakang): The main statue of the Tibetan Buddhism founder Tsongkhapa, and the statue of the Gelugpa and the Dangdang celebrities.
Zhiming Hall (Renzinc Lakang): The main source of Tibetan Buddhism Nyingma Patriarchs is the lotus-born silver cast statue. On the east side are 8 statues of the lotus-born inheritance ancestors, and on the west side are 8 lotus-born statues. There are still eight silver-cast and ruined pagodas in the temple. The books are stored on the bookshelf by the Sangjie Gyatso.
The 5th Dalai Lama Lingta Temple (Xidongkang): The hall is 3 stories high and has 16 pillars. The 5th Dalai Lama Lingta, which is enshrined in the center of the temple, is 12.6 meters high. The tower is wrapped in gold skin and consumes gold. 3721 kilograms, the tower is inlaid with tens of thousands of jewels. There are also the 10th and 12th Dalai Lama Lingta in the temple, and 8 silver-plated Buddhist pagodas with various jewels.
The Hereditary Hall (Chongre Lakang): The statue of the golden Sakyamuni statue and the silver fifth Dalai Lama statue are placed in the middle of the temple. On the right is the statue of the Dalai Lama from the 1st to the 4th. On the west side is the statue of the pharmacist. The neighboring Western Wall is the seat of the 11th Dalai Lama Kezhu Gyatso and its spiritual tower. The Tibetan Danjur is stored on the bookshelf on the east and north walls.
The walls of all the palaces, temples and corridors of the Potala Palace are painted with murals and surrounded by various reliefs. Most of the murals and sculptures are colorful, and the main subjects are plateau scenery, historical legends, Buddhist stories and the construction scene of the Potala Palace. They have high historical and artistic value.
There are a large number of cultural treasures in the palace. There are nearly 10,000 kinds of Thangka (Buddhist scroll paintings), and there are tens of thousands of Buddha statues of gold, silver, jade, woodcarving and clay sculpture. In addition, there are the spiritual towers of the Dalai Lama in the past, the seals and seals of the emperors of the Ming and Qing Dynasties, the seals, gifts, plaques and scriptures donated by all walks of life, and the classics, instruments and instruments used in the palace. Among them, “Ganzhuer” and “Danzhuer” written in Jinji (both are Tibetan “Da Jingjing”), Bayeux “The Time Wheel”, Sakyamuni Finger Relic, Qing Dynasty Emperor The gold stamps and so on are all rare treasures and worth the price.
Among the rich collections, the most important thing is to house the spiritual tower of the remains of the Dalai Lama. From the fifth to the thirteenth, in addition to the sixth sect of the faculty, the other eight have built a luxury spiritual tower. These towers are different in size but in the same form, consisting of tower tops, tower bottles and towers. The top of the tower is generally thirteen, with the sun and moon at the top and the flame wheel. The tower bottle stores the remains and is divided into two inside and outside. There is a Buddhist temple outside, a thousand-eyed Guanyin image, a bed and a table inside, a Dalai Lama on the bed, and a set of instruments and stationery used by Dalai before the birth. All the spirit towers are wrapped in gold skin and inlaid with precious jade, which is magnificent. Among them, the 5th Dalai Lama’s Ling Tower was 14.85 meters high. At that time, it was built for a total of 1.04 million silver, and used 110,000 gold and more than 15,000 pearls, agates and gems. The 13th Dalai Lama’s spiritual tower is also 14 meters high, with 19,000 gold. There is also a pearl in the brain of the fifth world, which is bigger than the thumb of the big finger.
The east and west sides of the main building of the Potala Palace extend downwards and connect with the tall palace wall. The palace wall is 6 meters high, the bottom is 4.4 meters wide, and the top is 2.8 meters wide. It is built with bauxite and is covered with bricks. There is a three-story gatehouse on the east, south and west sides of the wall, and a turret in the southeast and northwest corners. The range surrounded by the palace walls all belong to the Potala Palace.
The front part of the palace wall is called “Syracuse”, and it is distributed by the offices of the former Tibetan government, such as the court, the Indian scriptures, and the Tibetan army headquarters. In addition, court facilities, horse stables, water supply, warehouses, prisons and other court facilities are also located here.
The back part of the palace wall is called “Linka”, mainly a group of garden buildings centered on Longwangtan, and is the back garden of the Potala Palace. When the Fifth Dalai rebuilt the Potala Palace, it took the soil here and formed a deep pool. Later, the Sixth Dalai Lama built a three-story octagonal glass pavilion in the heart of the lake, which was called the Dragon King.
On the right side of Hongshan is a Yaowang Mountain, which has a Tibetan medical school built in the 17th century. On the south side of the Gongqian Highway, there is a piece of “Dhaza Road Gongjigong Monument”, which was established by Tubo Zanpu Chisong Dezan in recognition of his general Dazha Lugong’s attack on Chang’an in the first year of Tang Guangde (763). In the vicinity of the palace wall, a lot of commercial facilities have been built in recent years, which is in sharp contrast with the serious atmosphere of the Potala Palace.
Today, the Potala Palace in people’s eyes, whether it is the intertwined architectural style of the stone or the cultural connotation of the palace itself, can feel its uniqueness. It always seems to impress people who have been here. The wall of the unified granite; the wooden roof and the window sill’s outer pick-up design; all the copper and enamel gold decoration, and the ornamentation of the ridges by the building, the bottle, the squid, and the golden-winged bird… Everything works perfectly to make the whole palace look magnificent. The murals in the main hall are also a unique landscape in the Potala Palace. This is a gallery of giant painting art, which records the history of Tibetan Buddhism, the life of the Five Dalai Lama, the Princess Wencheng’s entry into Tibet, and The ancient Tibetan architectural image and a large number of Buddha statues, etc., it is no exaggeration to say that it is a precious historical picture.
The unique Potala Palace is also sacred at the same time. Because whenever you mention it, it is natural to think of Tibet. In people’s minds, this ancient building complex that condenses the wisdom of Tibetan working people and witnesses the cultural exchanges between the Han and Tibetan cultures has become a symbol of the Tibetan people with its splendid majesty and the status of Tibetan Buddhist holy places.
The world-famous Potala Palace is a landmark of the snowy plateau and one of the world’s most valuable cultural heritage. No matter which angle you look at the Potala Palace, this majestic palace is not to be magnificent. However, “The Potala Palace is old,” said Mr. Bhagsan, the director of the Potala Palace Management Office, who has been working at the Potala Palace for 15 years. In an interview, he said, “The Potala Palace. Most of the buildings have a history of more than 350 years, and a few buildings even have a history of 1300 years.” However, under the concern of the central government, the state has twice invested heavily in large-scale repairs of the Potala Palace. We have carried out a large-scale maintenance project for the Potala Palace, which has the largest investment, the largest scale, and the most projects involved in the history. The ‘big surgery’ is making the old man rejuvenate, and he is always strong.
“White Palace” 1,300 years ago
The construction of the Potala Palace is inseparable from the thirty-second generation of the Tubo Songzanzan. According to legend, 1300 years ago, at the beginning of the 7th century AD, after Songtsan Gampo moved to Lhasa, he built a three-story nine-storey building with a thousand palaces on the top of the Red Mountain to celebrate the Princess of the Tang Dynasty. palace. “The side of the building is the Tibetan king’s palace, the middle of the palace has a stupa on the top and the other side is the harem. There is a four-storey copper-iron cast aerial bridge between the harem and the middle palace. There are three walls outside the Dala Palace, and the outermost wall is until the White Tower on Beijing Road today. The deputy director of the Potala Palace Management Office, Nima Tsering, talks about the cloth palace, such as Jiazhen. He told, “The three buildings of the Buddhism were all white and white, standing on the Red Mountain and appearing holy and majestic. The Tibetans all call it the ‘white palace’.”
However, the Potala Palace has no difference with its other temples in terms of its layout, statues, offerings, etc. Why is it called “palace” instead of “temple”? On this issue, Nyima Tsering explained that Tibet was not a society where politics and religion were one. At that time, the Potala Palace existed only as a palace of the Tibetan king, and there was no incense. “Since the Fifth Dalai Lama was enshrined by the Qing Emperor Shunzhi and became the head of the Tibetan political and religious church, the Potala Palace is not only the seat of the political power, but also the residence of the living Buddha of Tibetan Buddhism. Therefore, the Potala Palace naturally became a worship and worship of Tibetans. The holy place of incense.”
Reconstruction of the palace, the fifth Dalai Lama, not lost 13 years
After the demise of the Tubo Kingdom, most of the ancient palace ruins were destroyed by war. In addition to natural disasters such as lightning strikes, the size of the Potala Palace has been shrinking, and it was once even included in the Jokhang Temple as a branch of its management. There are only the Fawang Cave and Pabala Kang at the time of the Dala Palace. It is understood that the Fawang Cave on the 12th floor of the Red Palace is the practice hole of Songtsan Gambo, and there are relics of the Tubo period. Stoves, stone pots, stone pots, etc. The top floor of Pabarakang is also called Guanyin Temple. There is a big plaque on the threshold. The letter “Futian Miaoguo” is 4 characters, which is the Emperor of Qing Dynasty.
Gold dome of the Potala Palace.
The basic features of the Potala Palace that we see today are mainly the White House reconstructed during the Dalai Lama in the 17th century AD and the Red Palace built after the death. “The Dalai Lama has since expanded and successively expanded into Buda. The scale of the Palais Palace today.” It is reported that the overall structure of the Potala Palace, which consists of 13 floors, consists mainly of the White House in the east, the Red Palace in the middle and the white houses in the west, including the Yamashita Printing House and the back garden Zongjiao Lukang. As an annex, the Potala Palace covers an area of 13 hectares.
It is understood that the Fifth Dalai Lama began to rebuild the Buddhism in 1645 AD. Later, the Fifth Dalai Lama was entrusted to the Regent by the government because of his high age. In order to establish the prestige of the Daba, the Fifth Dalai Lama used the handprints to make the people obey the order. So when you enter the White House, you will see the mysterious fingerprint of the power in the south wall glass cover. After the death of the fifth Dalai Lama in 1682, Regent D. Sangjie Gyatso, in order to make the project go smoothly, the secret of the fifth Dalai Lama’s silence was not lost for 13 years. Therefore, after the completion of the reconstruction of the palace in 1693, the monument was only available in the form of a monument. Today, when people go to Buju to worship and visit, most of them will start their journey from the wordless monument at the foot of the Red Mountain.
The Sixth Dalai Lama without the Lingta
The main body of the Red Palace is the Dalai Lama’s Lingta Temple and Buddhist Temple. The spiritual towers of the Dalai Lama from the 1st to the 4th were placed in the Tashilhunpo Monastery in Shigatse and the Drepung Monastery in Lhasa. In addition to the Sixth Dalai Lama, the Eighth to the thirteenth Dalai Lama and other eight spiritual towers. They are all placed in the Red Palace of the Potala Palace. The only place in the Potala Palace that retains the remains of the Sixth Dalai Lama is his former palace, the Dedanji Temple. Why is this so? It is said that this living Buddha, known as the “sacred song of the love song”, has a lot of controversy.
When the Sixth Dalai Lama Cangyang Gyatso entered the Potala Palace at the age of 14, he was rumored that he had never forgotten his secular life and created a lot of poetry with his own personal experience. According to legend, Maggie Ami of Barkhor Street is where he and his lover rendezvous. In the thirty-second year of Emperor Kangxi, Cangyang Gyatso and the political and religious struggle in Tibet were abolished by the Qing court and sent to the north. It is said that when the Qinghai Lake passes through the night, it is not seen at night.