“Introduction to Dali Ancient City:
The ancient city of Dali is abbreviated as Yucheng, at the foot of the beautiful Cangshan Mountain, 13 kilometers away from Xiaguan, Dali City. The ancient city of Dali was built in the fifteenth year of Ming Hongwu (1382) and is one of the first historical and cultural cities in China. The ancient city of Dali is adjacent to the Bohai Sea in the east and Cangshan in the west. The tower is majestic and beautiful. The scale of Dali City is magnificent. The square wall is 12 miles high. The original city wall is 7.5 meters high and 6 meters thick. There are four city gates on the east, west, and south, and there are towers on the city. If the autonomous prefecture’s capital, Shimonoseki, gives people the impression of prosperity and noisyness, then the ancient city of Dali is simple and quiet. There is a street running through the north and south in the city. There are various shops selling special products such as marble products, tie dyeing and straw, and the Bai restaurant. There are clear streams in the city, and the ancient Bai traditional houses can be seen everywhere. The residents here, rich and poor, have the habit of planting flowers and grass in the courtyard. The ancient city of Dali also has the saying that “the family is flowing, the households raise flowers.” The ancient city of Dali is very close to Shimonoseki. It takes more than ten minutes by bus to get there. There are cars in front of the bus stations and major hotels in the city. You can also take a small carriage from Shimonoseki, but be sure to talk about the price before boarding. Traveling to the ancient city of Dali, if you want to stay, there are many hotels in the city that are built according to the traditional residences of the Bai people. The price is not expensive.
Wind and snow
In the local area of Dali, the Bai people have a riddle poem that has been passed down from generation to generation.
The insects enter the phoenix nest and there is no bird (wind), and the seven people have long grass (flowers) on their heads;
Under the drizzle on the Hengshan (snow), half of the friends were gone (month).
The mystery of this poem is the four most famous scenes of Dali’s wind and snow: “Shimonoseki”, “Shangguanhua”, “Cangshan Snow”.
Every spring and winter is the wind season of Shimonoseki. During the year, there is an average wind of more than 35 days. The maximum wind speed is 10, and Shimonoseki has won the nickname of “Wind City”.
Xiaguanfeng was formed because the 19th peak of Cangshan Mountain was too high, blocking the air convection on both sides of the east and west, and the Shimonoseki bridge in the Shimonoseki between the Cangshan slanting Yangfeng and the Ailao Mountains became the exit of Xiaguan Air Convection. The winds below are particularly large. Xiaguanfeng also has a strange natural scene: if a person walks north, the wind blows from the south, and the wind reveals the hat on the head of the person, who should fall behind him, who knows that he is behind him; if people go south The wind blows in and faces, revealing the hat on the head of the person, which should fall behind him, but falls in front of it.
Shangguan is located at the top of Yunnao Peak in Cangshan, Dali. It is the fortress of Dali formed since the Tang Dynasty. In Guanhuahuashu Village, there is a flower tree named “Shilixiang”, which is said to be planted by the immortal Lu Dongbin. The flower is as big as the lotus. It opens 12 petals every year and opens 13 petals in the next year. The color is yellow and white, beautiful and attractive. According to the records of “Dali Fuzhi” and folklore, Shangguan and Shanhua (Tenqixiangxiangshu) are excellent flowers of the same type, flowers like peony, big fists, white and yellowish, and the shell is black and hard. It is also known as the “beads of flowers”. According to records, this flower survived between the Yuan Dynasty and the Zheng Dynasty.
It has become a habit for the Bai people to raise flowers and love flowers. The current “Shangguanhua” is a wood lotus flower, which can be seen everywhere in Dali.
Due to the high altitude of Cangshan Mountain and the low temperature at the top of the mountain, the snow is thicker and does not change for many years. Even in the summer, it is snowy, silver-packed, and dazzling.
Watching Cangshan Snow, you must be able to see this spectacular spectacle in a certain position and a long distance. When you are near, you can only see the snow in the mountains.
The water in the Bohai Sea has a high transparency. The lake is surrounded by blue waves. Whenever the wind and the sun are shining, the road is near the shore of the sea, looking up at the sky, the jade mirror is hanging high, overlooking the sea, the silver is a thousand miles, and a bright moon drifts in the sea. .
On the Mid-Autumn Festival night on the 15th day of the lunar calendar, the Bai people living in the seaside of Dali will draw wooden boats into the Bohai Sea to admire the golden moon in the sea. The sky, the clouds, the moon and the sea will form together. A beautiful picture.
Three teas – drink without going to the mood
In Dali, the three teas were originally the custom of the Bai people’s magpies to entertain guests, and now they are more like folk performances.
The first tea, called “clear tea”, implies the philosophy of being a human being: “To establish a business, you must first suffer.” The second is “sweet tea”. When the guest finishes the first tea, the owner re-uses the small sand. At the same time, you can put a little brown sugar, milk fan, cinnamon, etc. in the tea pot, and pour the tea soup into the eight-point full. The third tea is called “aftertaste tea”. The method of cooking tea is the same, except that the raw materials put in the tea pot have been replaced with appropriate amount of honey, a little fried rice, some peppers, and one walnut. The tea capacity is usually six or seven. Divided.
The three-way tea brewing process is complicated, but it is generally just three cups of tea soup. The so-called bitterness, the second sweetness, the three aftertaste, and drinking a little, but in any case, I can’t feel the original artistic conception. It is somewhat disappointing.
The first door of the ancient city – the literature building
The document building, located 1 km outside the south gate of Dali Ancient Town, is known as the first gate of the ancient city and is the landmark building of the ancient city of Dali.
It was built in the reign of Emperor Kangxi in the Qing Dynasty. The amount of the slogan of the Yunnan Admiral was published in the 40th year of Emperor Kangxi (AD 1701). On the two sides of the “literature name state”, there are two long-term essays written by Zhou Ren, a literati in the Qing dynasty: “There is a return to the Han and Tang Dynasties, Zhang Shu Chuan Jing, Du Gong lectures, Shuo Yantong Confucianism, and let the literature legacy disappear. Outside the new trend; looking at the tower, looking at the sunset, the bridge, the Heqiao road, the bustling to the Xianan industry. I hope that the ancient country of Miaoxiang often live in the big world.” This time-time brief introduction of the ancient customs of Dali. Upstairs couplet also has the famous “two hundred and two mountains and rivers and two cranes; the first quarter of the literature.” There are also “literature buildings” and “Nanzhen’s capitals”. On the east wall of the building is also inlaid with a stone monument engraved with the words “Zhang Shusheng’s hometown”. It is said that the Han Dynasty Dali person Zhang Shusheng went out to study and was the earliest Han culture spreader in Dali. These inscriptions are all about the promotion of Dali’s outstanding people, so that outsiders can feel the wind of Dali culture without entering the city, and the building builders are quite ingenious.
The document building straddles the south side and enters the channel of Dali ancient city. The roads are lined with willow trees, and the faces are Yiyi. They are quite poetic and picturesque. They are the gateway for the government to welcome the nobles.
The document building is a two-story wooden structure with a wooden structure. It has typical Bai architecture features. It stands on the masonry doorway and is magnificent.
The history of the document building was destroyed several times. The reconstruction of the document building was started on November 28, 1998, and was completed on April 29, 1999. The reconstructed literature building is 60 meters wide from east to west and 30 meters long from north to south. The main building is 24 meters high and the building area is 1600 square meters.
From the Cangshan to look at the ancient city of Dali, the literature building, Nanchengmenlou, Wuhualou, Beicheng Gate Tower lined up, sturdy and majestic, so that the ancient city reveals a seductive charm. On both sides of the street, the Bai people live in antiques. [cy_page]
Gu Nanxun’s “The First Floor of the World” – Wuhua Building
Wuhua Building is located in Dali, a famous historical and cultural city in China. It is the national guesthouse of the ancient Nanzhao King, also known as Wuhualou.
From Nanxun to the Yuan Dynasty, there were five major earthquakes in Dali. Each earthquake will cause a fire. Wuhualou was destroyed by fire three times and rebuilt three times. Because the huge trees in Cangshan have become more and more difficult to find, Wuhua Building also The smaller the building, the smaller it is. In the construction of the new or reconstructed Wuhua Building, Jianchuan wood carving is indispensable. Jianchuan is known as the hometown of Bai wood carvings. The art of wood carving has been heard both at home and abroad for more than a thousand years. As early as the Tang Dynasty, the Jianchuan Bai carpenter took on the production of Wuhualou woodcarving components. In the early years of the Ming Dynasty, Wuhua Building was burned down during the war. During the Ming Dynasty, during the re-construction of the ancient city of Dali in Yichang, the Zhonggulou in the city was renamed Wuhua Building, but its scale was far less than that of the Nanzhao period. Hualou. In 1862, the local officials of the Qing Dynasty raised funds to renovate the Wuhua Building. During the Cultural Revolution, the Wuhua Building was demolished and more than 70 yuan monuments were discovered. In 1998, the Dali State Government allocated funds to rebuild the Wuhua Building. Today’s Wuhua Building area has formed a certain scale of calligraphy and painting market. The business varieties include calligraphy, Chinese landscape paintings, flowers, birds, figures, etc., as well as leather paintings, oil paintings and other transactions are very active, Wuhua Building exudes new vitality.
Gunan Yiguo Hotel
Nanxun was famous in Chinese history. In 737, under the support of the Tang Dynasty, Nanxun Wang Pi Luoge, after several wars, merged Liuyi and established a minority local government in the history of southwestern China. The Nanzhao Kingdom lasted for 253 years and ended up with the Tang Dynasty.
Nanzhao was the first to settle in the city of Taihe. In 779 AD, Nanxun Wang Yizhen moved to Yangcheng City. The entire layout of Yangshuo City is orderly, solemn and majestic, and it is very royal. Its internal structure is divided into five parts, namely the palace, the court, the high-ranking bureaucratic residential area, the north-south Tongyu and the guesthouse. When Nanxun Wang Fengyou was in office, he built the Wuhua Building and became the sixth part of Yangshuo City.
Fengyou is the tenth-generation monarch of Nanzhao. During his reign, the Nanzhao country was strong, and it repeatedly sent troops to invade the territory of the Tang Dynasty. Once, it expedition and captured Chengdu, Sichuan.
Fengyou ruled the Nanzhao period, and the wind of worshipping the Buddha was particularly prosperous. The Buddhist temple was spread all over Yunnan. There were three small temples and eight hundred large temples. Nowadays, the famous three towers of Chongsheng Temple and Shibaoshan Grottoes are closely related to Fengyou.
In the ten years of Tang Dazhong, in 856 AD, Nanxun Wang Fengyou built a magnificent Wuhua Building in Yangshuo City. It has a circumference of 2.5 kilometers and a height of more than 30 meters. It can accommodate more than 10,000 people. It can also erect a flagpole of five feet high.
Yangshuo City, as the capital of the middle and late period of the Nanzhao Kingdom, 123 years later, after Zheng’s “Tai Chang He Guo”, Zhao’s “Da Tian Xing Guo”, Yang’s “Da Yi Ning Guo” and Duan’s “Dali The country is based on the city of Yangshuo. Wuhua Building has been a state hotel for hundreds of years. On March 16 each year, Nanxun Wang of the Nanzhao period and later Dali Wang of the Dali Kingdom met with the young monarchs of the southwestern region in Wuhualou, and other important guests, giving banquets and dishes, playing Nanxun and Dali. Music of the period. “