Original title: Anhui’s lowest-tune ancient town. There are 124 national security buildings.
Xidi Ancient Town, which was built in the 7th year of the Northern Song Dynasty (AD 1047), is located in Jixian County, Huangshan City, Anhui Province, only 40 kilometers away from Huangshan Scenic Area. The ancient town is famous for its idyllic scenery, exquisite Huizhou ancient architecture and rich cultural connotations. It is known as the “Chinese Ming and Qing Dwelling Museum” and “the most beautiful village in the world”.
Xidi is surrounded by mountains and two streams run through the village. Although it is also selected as a national 5A level scenic spot with Hongcun, the popularity of Xidi is far less than that of Hongcun. Compared with the stunning beauty of Hongcun, Xidi’s cultural atmosphere is more intense, and the monuments are preserved more intact. Some people say that “Hongcun is a painting, and Xidi is a book”, which is a perfect metaphor.
According to historical records, the first ancestor of Xidi was the son of Tang Zhaozong, who was moved from the Central Plains to the Xidi of Jixian County, and changed to Hu Xing. After dozens of generations of children and grandchildren, they formed a colonial village. Located at the entrance of the scenic spot, Hu Wenguang’s thorn-proof archway was built in the 6th year of Ming Wanli (1578). It is the representative work of the Huizhou-style Shifang, and the only one of the 12 arched buildings in the ancient town.
In the ancient town, 99 high-wall deep lanes are set along the stream. The Huizhou-style buildings with white walls and slabs are scattered, and a large number of artistic works such as bricks, wood and stone carvings are interspersed. Walking through the ancient streets and lanes of Qingshiban, the three unique works in Huizhou’s ancient architectural art – “Flourish House, solemn ancestral hall, magnificent archway” are all over the place, and people feel the strong fragrance of the book.
Due to the war between Qing Xianfeng and Tongzhi, more than 1,700 buildings in Xidi were burned and destroyed. Today, there are only 3 buildings, 1 archway, and 224 well-preserved buildings in the Ming and Qing Dynasties, 124 of which are listed in the national key. Cultural relics protection unit. Including Lingyunge, Ruiyuting, Dafudi, Jing’aitang and other buildings, it can be regarded as a model of Huizhou ancient architecture art.
The Jing Ai Tang, which was built in the Ming Dynasty, was originally the residence of the 14th ancestor of Xidi Hu. The building is flying and swaying, and the area is more than 1,800 square meters. It has been expanded for hundreds of years due to the prosperous generation of Hu’s descendants. Ancestral hall. The name of “Jing Ai Tang” also has profound meanings. It not only reminds future generations to respect the old and love the young, but also signals the people to respect each other and respect each other.
Most of the Huizhou ancient buildings are brick and wood structures, wood carvings, stone carvings and brick carvings. The “laying work, the structure of the structure, the beauty of the decoration, the precision of the construction, and the deep cultural connotation” are rare in the ancient Chinese residential buildings. In the 1960s, foreigners bought a pair of brick carvings in the “West Garden” in the above picture for $100,000. The result was rejected by the homeowner.
Speaking of the historical origins of Xidi Hu, you have to say chasing the temple. Built in the ancestral hall of the Qing Dynasty (1794), this temple is dedicated to the ancestor of the Hu ancestor Tang Taizong Li Shimin. On the pillars of the ancestral hall, Li Shimin is also engraved with a handwritten book that can be crowned with copper as a mirror, and can be known as a mirror with history as a mirror. If you have the chance, you may wish to come here and take a walk.